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Norway is situated on the western facet of the Scandinavian peninsula, which it shares with its eastern neighbor, Sweden. The North Sea borders the nation on the west, and the Barent Sea lies to the north. Spitsbergen, a bunch norweigian girls of islands four hundred miles to the north within the Arctic Ocean, is a Norwegian dependency. The country additionally shares borders with Finland and Russia in its northern regions.

In a survey in 2000, 64 % of residents agreed that the nation ought to proceed to soak up as many immigrants and asylum seekers as it does presently. Over 90 percent of the surveyed inhabitants agreed that immigrants ought to have the identical job alternatives as native residents, affirming a basic belief in equality of opportunity.

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Norway claims the heritage of early Norse seafarers, raiders, colonizers, explorers, and merchants for whom the “Viking Age” (793 to 1050 C.E. ) was named. In the ninth century Harald Fairhair turned the primary king of all of Norway, consolidating smaller kingdoms via alliance and conquest. Harald’s descendant, Olaf Tryggvesson , converted to Christianity while in England and got here to Norway in 995 to pressure conversion of the country from the Norse religion.

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The grants are meant to complement wages misplaced for experience gained. Applicants should have an curiosity in modern Norway and within the sciences, know-how, enterprise, politics, language and culture, or in the cooperation between the international locations. Minnesota-based Lakselaget (Norwegian for “The Salmon Club”) might be providing scholarships for research in Norway and the US (Minnesota/North Dakota).

Fishing has been the main traditional occupation on this region. Oslo, which was known as Kristiania before the nation gained independence, has long been associated with main governmental functions. The organization additionally offers grants to Minnesota skilled women who’ve a chance to work in Norway and to Norwegian women who have a chance to work in Minnesota.

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The west coast traditionally has supported smaller farms perched alongside the fjords or nestled in mountain valleys. Farming and fishing have always been main occupations on this area. Trondheim, a medieval cathedral metropolis on the west coast, also has an agricultural hinterland. The northern area constitutes the most important part of the country, with 35 p.c of the land space and solely 12 p.c of the inhabitants.

Killed in 1030 on the Battle of Stiklestad, Olaf II was the primary king to prepare an administration for church and state. The Black Death devastated the country in 1349–1350, killing no less than one-third of the population. A weakened Norway was politically joined with Sweden and Denmark at the Union of Kalmar, in 1397.

By the middle of the nineteenth century, schoolbooks reflected the theme of a definite, rural Norwegian culture, as did a variety of popular journals. Writers conveyed the notion that every little thing of true worth was discovered close to residence, within the everyday life of simple folks. In the second half of the century, voluntary organizations that promoted in style enlightenment helped form the consciousness of a standard tradition and history.

The idea of a definite Norwegian culture piqued the interest of writers, painters, dramatists, musicians, and religious leaders. The tradition of the rural peasants was not the culture of the mental elite, but the elites reinterpreted and identified with that tradition.

In the nationwide dialogues that adopted, a national identity was formed, contributing to the eventual dissolution of the union with Sweden. The Napoleonic Wars resulted in the dissolution of the union between Denmark and Norway in 1814, the yr by which the Norwegian constitution was established. Norway had been a province of Denmark for nearly 4 hundred years before it was ceded to Sweden.

A long and slim landmass, Norway extends greater than 1,a hundred miles from north to south and varies in width between 270 miles and four miles. The dominant feature of the topography is a backbone of mountains extending down the Scandinavian peninsula, with fjords, or lengthy inlets of the sea, penetrating inland on the west and south. With a complete space of 125,181 sq. miles , much of the country is dominated by rugged mountainous or coastal landscapes that have made tourism an essential business. Only about three % of the land area is suitable for raising crops, and almost half of that land is located within the east, close to Oslo, the capital, the place broad, open valleys produce grain and root crops.